FEMINISM AND THE LITERATURE OF PRAMOEDYA ANANTA TOER
Chinese Department, Faculty of Humanities, Bina Nusantara University
Jln. Kemanggisan Ilir III No. 45, Kemanggisan – Palmerah, Jakarta 11480
Feminism refers to the social ideological trends that women ask for equal rights as well as the results of ideology when women know the world, the ego, and the sexual relationship in their process of seeking self-liberation. This paper starts with describing the periods in which Indonesian women acknowledged and was associated with western feminism as well as analyzing its period of development. This paper aims at researching the feminism idelology of Pramoedya Ananta Toer, a leading Indonesian writer, including the factors which affect his opinion on women and the expression of his feminism, which is richly displayed throughout his works. The finding of this research shows that in Pramoedya Ananta Toer’s perspective, equality between men and women is manifested in the partnership between men and women, that this partnership is applied in every aspect of lives, which is advanced-throught in Indonesian’s patriarchal society.
Keywords: feminism, women movement, Indonesian, Pramoedya Ananta Toer
女性主义是泛指妇女要求平等权利的社会思潮,是妇女在寻求自我解放的过程中,认识了世界、认识了 自我、认识了两性关系的一种认识成果和思想结晶。本文首先叙述印尼接受西方女性主义的过程,在此为背景 下,探讨了印尼著名作家——普拉穆迪亚•阿南达•杜尔的女性主义思想及其作品中的表现。根据普拉穆迪亚小 说里的观点,所谓的男女平等就是男性和女性在生活的任何方面都是合作的伙伴,这种看法当时在父权制的印尼 社会中确实是很先进的。
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